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French Grammar from RapideFrench.com

Adjectives: Possessive Adjectives

Take the sentence: this is my house. In English we have my, your, his, her, our, your and their. In French, they have the equivalent of each, however has a variation depending on whether the thing you are talking about (the 'house' in this example) is masculine, feminine or plural. Note that in English it is either his or her depending on who it is about, but in French this is irrelevant – it only varies based on the noun following the possessive.

 masculine
and feminine nouns beginning
with an 'h' or a vowel
feminineplural
mymonmames
yourtontates
his/hersonsases
ournotrenos
yourvotrevos
theirleurleurs

Examples:

  • he sees his mother il voit sa mère
  • I see my place Je vois ma place
  • I see my glass Je vois mon verre
  • They see their parents Ils voient leurs parents

Exception: use mon, ton and son instead of ma, ta and sa if it is followed by a noun beginning with a vowel or silent 'h'.

  • My friend is called Marie Mon amie s'appelle Marie
  • I see his orange Je vois son orange